Wildflower description

BIRDSFOOT TREFOIL – (Lotus corniculatus)

A hairless perennial plant that grows from May – Sept found all over the British isle, grows to 8 – 13cm in length with 5 flowering leaflets but appearing trifoliate (lower two leaflets attached to stalk base)

BLACK KNAPWEED – (Centaurea nigra)

A hairy hardy perennial plant that that flowers between Jun-Sept, found all over the British isle usually in grasses areas. Typically grows to 60cm in length of stalk and is very similar to the common thistle.

BLUEBELL – (Hyacinthoides non-scriptia)

A hairless perennial plant that grows between Apr-Jun, typically found in wooded areas or coastal outreaches, under threat from competition of its closely related cousin the Spanish hybrid blue bell.

BUSH VETCH – (Vilcia sepium)

A common rough perennial plant that is typically found in grassy areas in groups of five or six. Grows to about a height of 1 metre and flowers between the months of April and October.

CAT’S-EAR – (Hypochaeris radicata)

A common tufted hairless perennial plant that flowers between Jun – Sept. Grows in dry grassland pastures up to a height of 50 cm.

CORN CHAMOMILE – (Anthemus arvensis)

Pleasantly fragrant annual specie, it grows to a height of 50cm. Generally found in south eastern regions of the British Isle. Found between the summer months of June & July. Closely associated with the common daisy.

CORN COCKLE – (Agrostemma githago)

Aesthetically pleasing annual commonly associated with arable fields. Grows up to 70cm tall and flowers between May and August, Formerly very widespread and common but much less so now due to agricultural herbicides.

CORN MARIGOLD – (Chrysanthemujm segetum)

Attractive hairless upright annual that grows to a height of 50cm, particularly suited to acidic and sandy soils. Flowers between June and October.

CORN FLOWER – (Centaurea cyanus)

Creeping perennial plant with upright heads growing to just shy of a metre in length. As with all corn specie it was a common arable “weed” but is now virtually extinct in farming due to modern pesticides. Flowers between June and August.

DEVILSBIT SCABIOUS – (Succisa pratensis)

Common upright perennial that grows up to 75cm. Typically enjoys damp wetland and woodland. Typically flowers between June and October.

FIELD POPPY – (Papaver rhoeas)

Annual plant that grows up to 60cm tall. Will be very prevalent in this centenary year.

FIELD SCABIOUS – (Knautia arvensis)

Robust hardy perennial grows up to 75cm tall and is found widespread throughout the uk expect in the very north of Scotland. Flowers between June and October.

FOXGLOVE – (Digitalis purpurea)

Familiar biennial or short lived perennial and grows up to a height of 1.5m. It grows in woodlands, moors or coastal landscapes. Likes to grow on acidic recently cleared ground. Typically flowers between the months of June and September.

GIANT BELLFLOWER – (Campanula persicfolia)

Upright growing perennial. Grows typically to 1 metre and is found in shaded areas or hedgerows. It has a short flowering window between July and August.

HEDGE WOUNDWORT – (Stachys sylvatica)

A rough hairy perennial that grows to a height of 75cm. Grows typically on road verges and hedgerows where the ground hasn’t been disturbed for some time. its flowering period is between June and October.

HERB BENNET or WOOD AVENS – (Geum urbanum)

A hairy perennial that grows to a height of 50cm it is naturally found in wooded areas or hedgerows and flowers in the months between May and August.

LADYS BEDSTRAW – (Geum urbanum)

Only true bedstraw that flowers in yellow, it typically grows to a height of 30 cm, this Perennial is noted for its attractive qualities and strong smell of hay, it is found to grow between the months of June and September.

MEADOW BUTTERCUP – (Ranunculus acris)

Attractive perennial plant that grows to the height of 1 metre and is normally found in damp grassland environments, typically flowers between the months of April and October.

MEADOW STREET – (Filipendula ulmaria)

Perennial that grows to a height of 1.25 metres. Usually found in damp grasslands or at the edge of streams. Typically flowers between Jun and Sept.

NIGHT SCENTED CATCHFLY – (Silene noctiflora)

Hairy annual plant mainly found in arable fields. It grows to a height of 60cm, prefers sandy/chalky well draining soils and flowers between the months of May and July.

OXEYE DAISY – (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Hairless perennial plant that grows to a height of 60cm, it is often found on dry grassy meadows and has much larger flowering heads than Corn chamomile and no aroma. Typically flowers in the months between May and Sept.

RAGGED ROBIN – (Lychnis flos-cuculi)

Delicate perennial plant that grows to a height of 65cm and is typically found in damp meadows and marshes. It typically flowers between the months of May and August.

RED CAMPION – (Silene acaulis)

A widespread hairy perennial plant that grows to a height of 1m. Typically grows in hedgerows and grassbank’s that are undisturbed, will flower between the months of March and October.

RIBWORT PLANTAIN – (Plantago lanceolata)

Persistent perennial plant that grows to a height of 15 cm. Typically found to grow on disturbed areas of ground it produces a flowering head between the months of April and October.

SELF HEAL – (Prunella vulgaris)

A creeping perennial plant that grows to a height of 20cm. It is usually found in grassy places and woodland where calcareous and neutral soils are prevalent. it is found to flower between the months of April and June.

SHEEPS SORREL – (Rumex acetosella)

Short upright perennial that grows to a maximum height of 25cm. It favours conditions of well drained acidic soils. Its flowering period can be between May and August.

ST JOHN WORT – (Hypericum perforatum)

Upright hairless perennial that grows to a height of 75cm. Can be found in woodland and scrubs, favouring damper conditions. It has a short flowering period between July and August.

UPRIGHT HEDGE-PARSLEY – (Torilis japonica)

Slender annual with solid unspotted roughly hairy stems. Typically grows to a height of 1m. Found in hedges and woodland margins through out the British Isles. It can be found flowering between the months of July and August.

VIPERS BUGLOSS – (Echium vulgare)

Upright biennial covered in reddish bristles. It can grow to a height of 80cm and is resistant to drought conditions. Typically found in coastal regions on the east coast due to its likening to calcareous soils. It flowers between the months of May and September.

WHITE CAMPION – (Silene latifolia)

Hairy branched perennial that grows to a height of 1m. It is usually found in disturbed ground and can often be hybridized with red campion. It typically flowers between the months of May and October.

WILD CARROT – (Daucus Carota)

Upright hairy spreading perennial. It grows to a height of 75cm and can be found in rough chalky grasslands near the coast. It flowers in the months between June and September.

WILD PANSY or HEARTEASE – (Viola tricolor)

Can be found as a annual of cultivated ground or a perennial in dry grassland situations, grows to a short height of 12cm and flowers in the months between April and August.

YARROW – (Achillea ptarmica)

Upright branched perennial that grows to a height of 50 cm. Noted for its strong aromatic scent that it gives off. It typically flowers later between the months of June and November.

YELLOW FLAG IRIS – (Iris pseudacorus)

Familiar, robust perennial that grows to a height of 1m. It typically enjoys wetter areas and can usually be found around ponds and river edges. It flowers between the months of May and August.

YELLOW RATTLE – (Rhinanthus minor)

Hairless annual plant. That grows to a height of 45 cm, usually found growing in undisturbed meadows or dunes. Flowers between the months of May and September.